Census Likely Miscounted the Population of 14 States, a Review Finds

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U.S.|Census Likely Miscounted the Population of 14 States, a Review Finds


A survey indicated that census takers successful 2020 undercounted the fig of radical successful six states, mostly successful the South, and overcounted successful 8 others. Covid is among galore imaginable reasons.

Miami Beach, Fla., successful  April. Results of a survey   bespeak  that residents of Florida, Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi, Illinois and Texas were apt  undercounted by the 2020 census.
Credit...Cristobal Herrera-Ulashkevich/EPA, via Shutterstock

May 19, 2022, 12:04 p.m. ET

WASHINGTON — The 2020 census undercounted the colonisation of six states and overcounted residents successful 8 others, the Census Bureau said connected Thursday, a uncovering that highlighted the difficulties of conducting the astir star-crossed colonisation number successful surviving memory.

The conclusions travel from a survey of 161,000 lodging units conducted aft the census was completed, a modular process aft each once-in-a-decade caput number of the U.S. population. The results showed that six states — Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi, Florida, Illinois and Texas — apt person a larger colonisation than was officially counted.

Eight states apt person less residents than were recorded, the survey found: Hawaii, Delaware, Rhode Island, Minnesota, New York, Utah, Massachusetts and Ohio. The number successful the remaining 36 states and the District of Columbia was fundamentally accurate, the bureau said.

The results were markedly worse than successful the 2010 census, successful which nary of the states had a statistically important overcount oregon undercount, the bureau found. But they were not dissimilar the conclusions from the 2000 census post-mortem, which recovered overcounts successful 21 states and an undercount successful the District of Columbia.

John H. Thompson, the manager of the Census Bureau from 2013 to 2017, said successful an interrogation that helium was not amazed by the variations, fixed the problems that dogged the 2020 census. “All censuses person overcounts and undercounts,” helium said. “That does not preclude utilizing the results.”

The Census Bureau said successful March that the aforesaid survey had recovered undercounts of Black and Hispanic people, and overcounts of achromatic radical and radical of Asian descent successful the nationalist colonisation totals. Overcounts of achromatic radical and undercounts of different radical and taste groups person been a persistent occupation successful past censuses.

The survey was not wide capable to connection reliable estimates of those discrepancies connected a state-by-state basis, the bureau said.

The post-mortem volition not alteration the authoritative state-by-state results of the census, which said that 331,459,281 radical were surviving successful the United States successful 2020. Nor volition it change the allotment of seats successful the House of Representatives oregon successful authorities and section governmental districts, adjacent though its findings arguably could person affected those decisions.

The Supreme Court has barred the usage of surveys successful apportioning seats successful the House, and successful immoderate case, the latest survey has a ample borderline of mistake that makes its conclusions much similar educated guesses than coagulated findings.

But it does connection insights into wherever the census apt fell short, and possibly why. Geographically, 5 of the six states with colonisation undercounts were successful the Deep South, portion six of the 8 states that were astir overcounted are successful the North, and peculiarly the Northeast.

Experts accidental determination are galore imaginable explanations for the disparities successful the count, including the Covid-19 pandemic, which roared crossed the state arsenic the census was being conducted.

In particular, the pandemic made galore radical reluctant to unfastened their doors to census-takers astatine a clip erstwhile the bureau was trying to get accusation astir tens of millions of radical who had yet to beryllium tallied connected census forms.

This is simply a processing story. Check backmost for updates.

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